Dizziness is one of the most common health problems for adults. Dizziness can be a range of sensations including feeling light-headed, faint, woozy, giddy, unsteady, off-balance or weak.

Vertigo is a type of dizziness that feels as though you or your surroundings are spinning.

Dizziness is often caused by illnesses that affect the inner ear, such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), migraine and inflammation of the inner ear balance apparatus (called vestibular neuritis).

Dizziness rarely indicates a serious or life-threatening condition, even though it can be very disturbing and disabling. Symptoms can often disappear with no treatment.


Symptoms of dizziness may include:

Other symptoms that may accompany dizziness include:

Symptoms may be constant or come and go. Episodes can last from minutes to days.


While some people understandably find it difficult to describe their dizziness, a description of your dizziness and the circumstances in which it occurs may be very helpful in reaching a diagnosis.

In trying to work out the cause of a person’s dizziness, investigations may include:

Inner ear disorders cause about half of all dizziness cases including: